Home | Style Sheet | Critical Reading | Ebbutt Trust
RS-Society | Conference | Department | Courses | Mount Allison

Summary Style Sheet


Students are reminded that it is part of the University's policy "that evaluation of students' written work includes evaluation of the quality of the written English as well as of the basic subject material" (Mount Allison University Academic Calendar, 6.11.10). The substance of a paper is closely connected with the style and format in which it is presented.


A number of handbooks and guides are readily available. The MLA Handbook and the Chicago Manual of Style are available in the Library.


a) Typed papers are preferable but hand-written papers are acceptable provided the writing is clear and legible.
b) Papers should be submitted on standard size, 8 ½ x 11 inches. We encourage the use of recycled paper and/or double-sided printing.
c) Leave sufficient space between the lines (double-spaced for typed papers), and also adequate margins.
d) Number the pages.
e) Pages are to be fastened together at the upper left-hand corner using a paper clip or staple. Please do not use plastic sleeves.
f) Either at the beginning of the paper (shorter paper) or on a title page (longer paper), be sure to include the following:
your name
the name and number of the course
the name of the professor
the date of submission of the paper
g)  Proof-read your paper carefully before submitting it.


It  is essential that you: a) acknowledge the source of all ideas or information used, whether in the form of a direct quotation or not; and b) provide at the end of your essay a Bibliography giving full details of all works consulted or quoted. In the case of  books , list author, title, place (city), publisher, and date; in the case of  journal articles , list author, title of article, name of journal, volume number, date, and pages. Remember that in documentation format, the important thing is to be consistent.

A.  Citing of Sources
Either the footnote-bibliography system or the author-date system may be used. One system should be used consistently.

i.  Footnote-Bibliography System
A superscript number after the quotation (direct or paraphrase) should identify either a footnote (bottom of the page) or an endnote (end of the paper, prior to the Bibliography).
Note Format
For a book - 1. Paul Tillich,  The Shaking of the Foundations (London: S.C.M. Press, 1949), p. 71.
For an article - 2. Anna L. Peterson, "Religious Narratives and Political Protest," Journal of the American Academy of Religion 64 (1996): 32.
In subsequent references, it is sufficient to cite the author, title and page number.

ii.  Author-Date System
The citation follows the quotation or paraphrase in the paper. The period of the sentence comes after the citation within your text and before the citation after longer, indented quotes.
(Tillich, 71) Note: if more than one source by a given author is used, include the date to differentiate, eg. (Tillich 1949, 71).

B.  Bibliography
The format will follow the format chosen for citations.

i.  Footnote-Bibliography System
Entries are listed in alphabetical order, by last names.
Peterson, Anna L. "Religious Narratives and Political Protest."  Journal of the American Academy of Religion 64 (1996): 27-44.
Tillich, Paul.  The Shaking of the Foundations . London: S.C.M. Press, 1949.

ii.  Author-Date System
Peterson, Anna L. 1996. "Religious Narratives and Political Protest."  Journal of the American Academy of Religion 64: 27-44.
Tillich, Paul. 1949.  The Shaking of the Foundations . London: SCM Press.

C.  Internet
Where possible, references/bibliographic entries should provide the following information: author, title (e.g. of web site), sub-title (e.g. individual web page), place, publisher/institution, date, Internet address/URL ( for references give address of page from which you quote ). e.g. Knox, Ellis L. "The Crusades," "16. The Siege of Jerusalem," Boise State University, 31 July 1995, http:/www.idbsu.edu/courses/hy101/crusades/16.htm.

D.  Scriptural Texts

There are various conventions for citing scriptural texts of the various religious traditions. Consult the online Religious Studies style sheet for more details.

back to top


The university has strict rules on academic dishonesty.  Failure properly to document a paper may result in a charge of plagiarism, which is a serious offence. Plagiarism is the unacknowledged use of another person's words or ideas, usually those which have appeared in published form. See section 6.13 in the University Calendar for more information.


We encourage the use of accurate wording, an important aspect of which is the use of inclusive language. In religious studies this has at least two implications.

1) Take into consideration the viewpoint of differing religious communities.

E.g. Respect the view of traditions other than Christianity by using B.C.E. (before the common era) and C.E. (common era) rather than B.C. (before Christ) and A.D. ( anno Domini ).

2) Use language that refers to all the persons in a particular group. There has been a tendency to think and write as if men represent the normal, ideal and central kind of human, whereas women are somehow peripheral and marginal to that norm. The word "men" applied significantly at one time to both men and women; this is no longer the situation. E.g.

Inappropriate: "The history of man provides many examples..."
Appropriate: "Human history provides many examples..."

Inappropriate: "forefathers"
Appropriate: "ancestors"

For more detailed information, consult the Mt. A. Library Homepage ("Research and Citation Guides") for information.

back to top

©2008 Mount Allison University
This page is maintained by A. Hart
June 19, 2013