Sources for Genealogical Research in the
2nd Edition Compiled by: Cheryl Ennals
This booklet was produced to assist genealogical researchers by providing a list of commonly used sources available in the Ralph Pickard Bell Library. Most sources cited are directly related to the local area of Westmorland County, New Brunswick and Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. All sources are followed by a call number and/or location. Materials from the Bell Collection, Government Documents and Archives are not available for loan. Please note that this is only a selected listing and that materials are added on a continuing basis.
This is a special collection of the Ralph Pickard Bell Library comprising published works dealing with the history of the Maritime Provinces and its peoples. Growing out of the private collection of a distinguished scholar, the late Winthrop Pickard Bell, additional materials are added on a continuing basis. The collection includes books, directories, pamphlets, maps, periodicals, microfilms and some manuscript items in published format as well as some genealogies published privately. All materials in this special collection are listed in the Library Catalogue and must be used within the Library. Please fill in a request slip for each item that you wish to view and Library Staff will retrieve the materials for you. Because some materials may be fragile any requests for photocopying should be directed to the Library Staff.
The Archives requires the published and unpublished records of the University which are deemed of administrative, legal, financial, and/or historical value. These include such records as Board of Regents and Senate minutes and reports, Presidential files, committee files, departmental records, calendars, brochures, etc. Papers of faculty and alumni are also acquired as well as records of student organizations and student theses. In view of the long history of Mount Allison within the local community, private fonds1 of Westmorland County individuals, families, churches, clubs and businesses are also collected. In all the Archives holds approximately 2,000 ft. of textual records, over 5,000 photographs, slides, films, videotapes, audio recordings, microfilms and artifacts. The holdings of the Archives can be surveyed only through the Archives Catalogue and Archives Inventories. However student theses, faculty publications and a few published works are listed in the general Library Catalogue in which they are described as being located in the Archives.
Researchers must register with the Archives. Archives Staff will retrieve archival materials for you and records must be viewed within the Research Room. Some materials may be fragile and researchers are requested to handle them with care. Any requests for photocopying should be directed to the Archives Staff. Some fonds are restricted. Hours of access and reference service are limited and vary with the academic term. It is strongly recommended that researchers make an appointment prior to visiting the Archives. Tel.: (506) 364-2563; Fax: (506) 364-2617; E-mail: email@example.com.
1 The fonds is the primary unit at which archival records are described. A fonds is the whole of the records, regardless of form or medium, automatically and organically created and/or accumulated and used by a particular individual, family, or corporate body in the course of that creator's activities of functions. A collection, on the other hand, is an artificial accumulation of records brought together on the basis of some common characteristics such as subject, medium, type of document, or name of collector.
The search for genealogical information should be treated in the same manner as any research project. Like other kinds of detective work, genealogical research is extremely time-consuming. Most unpublished and many published sources are unindexed. Library and Archives Staff time is not available to carry out research for individuals. Source material can be suggested but it is up to the individual to carry out the research.
WORK FROM THE "KNOWN". Prior to visiting the Library, write down all names, birth, death, marriage, baptismal dates; geographical locations, religious denominations, etc. that you "know" for current generations then do the same for earlier generations, working back in time. Check with family members for such records as family bibles, certificates, deeds, family papers, etc.
TAKE NOTES CAREFULLY. Be as accurate as possible; include as much information as can be discovered, even if it seems unrelated at first glance, it may be of importance as a "link" at a later date.
CITE SOURCES INVESTIGATED. Record author, title, publisher, date or all information identifying manuscript sources viewed. Even if you do not find or use information from these sources, the record will eliminate the "re-tracing" of paths and will give you a compilation of sources which did hold information.
While the collections of the Ralph Pickard Bell Library are acquired mainly to support the academic curriculum of the institution, some resources for genealogical research are included. CHECK THE OPAC (On-line Public Access Catalogue) FIRST -- THEN CHECK THE CARD CATALOGUE FOR MATERIAL ACQUIRED PRE-1980. Published works are listed by author, title and subject in the Library Catalogue. It is also possible to carry out "keyword" searches through the OPAC. If you need assistance, inquire at the Information Desk.
The following are examples of some subject headings under which genealogical sources are listed:
Check under family surname as a "subject" to determine if a separate published genealogy is available:
Publications pertaining to local and regional areas sometimes include information on local families. Check under "subject" headings such as:
The following published works are particularly suited to genealogical research in this region:
Fellows, R. Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick CS 16 F44 1979 REF
Punch, T. Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia CS 16 P8 1978 REF
Genealogists' Handbook for Atlantic
Z 5313 C22 A884 1989 BELL
Cumberland County Families,
CS 88 N6 J6 1988 BELL
Johnson, D.F. New Brunswick Lineages CS 88 N4 N4 1988 BELL
Arrivals: Our First Families
2455 A7 1985 BELL
CS 88 N4 E3 1987
In Which County?: Nova Scotia
CS 88 N6 P64 1985 BELL
Dictionary of Immigrants to
CS 88 N6 S65 1985 BELL
Smith, L.H. and N. Nova Scotia Immigrants to 1867 CS 88 N64 S66 1992 BELL
"Foreign Protestants" and the FC
2321 B42 1990 BELL
Bowser, R.B. Dorchester Island and Related Areas FC 2495 D6 B6 1986 BELL
P.A. The Atlantic Region
to Confederation: FC 2011 A75 1994 BELL
Burns, W.M. A History and Story of Botsford FC 2495 B6 B8 1962 BELL
the Geography of Early
FC 2041 C53 1968 BELL
M. They Planted
Well: New England
FC 2032 T53 1987 BELL
Gilroy, M. Loyalists and Land Settlement in FC 2303 A25 No.04 BELL
W.C. Early History
of Dorchester and FC
2499 D57 M5 1932 BELL
History of Sackville, New Brunswick FC 2499 S22 M54 1970 BELL
Records of Chignecto FC 2345 C5 M6 1907 BELL
C.W. Introducing Sackville, New Brunswick,
FC 2499 S22 M26 1946 BELL
Sears, W.W. This is Sackville FC 2499 S22 S4 1968 BELL
J.D. Footprints in the Marsh
2499 S22 S62 1974 BELL
L.W. Early Settlers
FC 2345 C5 T5 1979 BELL
G. A History of Fort
Lawrence: Times, FC 2349 F66 T74 1985
H. The Chignecto
Isthmus and Its FC
2345 C5 T7 1902 BELL
Wright, E.C. Planters and Pioneers FC 2305 W75 1982 BELL
Birth, marriage and death records were most often kept by the local church or county officials prior to the establishment of government vital statistics divisions late in the nineteenth century. The best sources are manuscript "townbooks", church records and extant newspapers. In recent years some archives, individuals and genealogical groups have published compilations, indexes and abstracts of records formerly only available in government archives, private archives or scattered in various repositories. Also a number of original records have been reproduced in microform.
Nova Scotia. Local records, 1766-1841
New Brunswick. Local records, 1766-1841
Marriage Registers, Westmorland County, 1790-1887 MICRO 5332
Acadian Church Records: 1679-1757 CS 88 A25 D4 1975 BELL
Acadian Marriages in France CS 596 A25 R635 1976 BELL
and Death Notices from Methodist Newspapers,
CS 88 A85 M37 1993 BELL
Register, Albert County, New Brunswick,
CS 88 N4 K3 1984 BELL
Register, Westmorland County, New Brunswick,
FC 2495 W4 Z48 1986 BELL
Vital Statistics From Newspapers,
CS 88 N43 N48 1982 BELL
from New Brunswick Newspapers,
CS 88 N43 J6 1985 BELL
Vital Statistics From Newspapers,
CS 88 N64 P86 1981
Vital Statistics From Newspapers,
CS 88 N64 P862 1978 BELL
Vital Statistics From Newspapers,
CS 88 N64 H64 1980
Vital Statistics From Newspapers,
CS 88 N64 H642 1982 BELL
While the first census of Canada was undertaken in 1666 by Jean Talon, the pattern of decennial censuses was only established in 1851. Nominal census records from 1851-1891 are arranged by district and information such as an individual's name, sex, age, religion, occupation, ethnicity, birth and marital status is usually given.
In recent years genealogical groups, individuals and institutions have published selected county censuses arranged alphabetically by surname within each parish.
Westmorland County, 1803-1834
New Brunswick 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 MICRO 5655
Miscellaneous Census, 1767-1838
Nova Scotia 1860-61, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 MICRO 5656
Prince Edward Island 1841, 1861, 1881, 1891, 1901 MICRO 5657
Albert County, 1851 HA 747 N4 A4 1851 BELL
Carleton County, 1851 HA 747 N4 C3 1851 BELL
Charlotte County, 1851 HA 747 N4 C5 1851 BELL
Gloucester County, 1861 HA 747 N4 G6 1861 BELL
Gloucester County, 1871 HA 747 N4 G6 1871 BELL
Gloucester County, 1881 HA 747 N4 G6 1881 BELL
Kings County, 1851 HA 747 N4 K5 1851 BELL
Restigouche County, 1861 HA 747 N4 R4 1861 BELL
Sunbury County, 1851 HA 747 N4 S9 1851 BELL
Victoria County, 1851 HA 747 N4 V5 1851 BELL
Westmorland County, 1851 HA 747 N4 W4 1851 BELL
York County, 1851 HA 747 N4 Y6 1851 BELL
Fredericton, 1871 HA 748 F73 1871 BELL
Nova Scotia, 1851 HA 747 N6 1851 BELL
HA 747 N6 1827 BELL
Pictou County, 1851 HA 747 N6 P4 1851 BELL
Pictou County, 1871 HA 747 N6 P4 1871 BELL
Marriage, baptismal and funeral records are often included in church records. The preservation of parish registers is the responsibility of the parishes themselves and/or the denominational archives. Often original records remain with the individual churches and/or the denominational archives.
The Bell Collection includes some published church histories and published church records. CHECK THE LIBRARY CATALOGUE. The Mount Allison University Archives does hold some local church records. Some are restricted and require permission of the church for access. CHECK WITH THE ARCHIVES DIRECTLY.
Some church registers have been copies by denominational archives and provincial archives. Researchers should check with these repositories directly. The National Archives has also copies numerous church registers; the following published guide lists those that are available:
Checklist of Parish Registers, 1986 CA1 AK32 69C36E GOV DOCS
Crown Land refers to land belonging to the Crown, the revenue of which goes to the reigning sovereign. Many early settlers applied for grants of Crown Land. Cadastre refers to the official register of ownership, extent and value of real property in a given area, used as a basis of taxation. Cadastral refers to a survey or a map showing or including boundaries, property lines, etc.
Some deeds, land grants and other land records are scattered throughout private fonds and collections (family papers, business records, church records, etc.) in the Mount Allison University Archives. No index for this format is currently available. Researchers must search through inventories. CHECK WITH THE ARCHIVES DIRECTLY.
Maps of Original Crown Grants
Map Case 21-1 to 21-3 GOV DOCS
Plan of Sackville, 1791 G 3434 S15 1791 P6 1970z BELL
Province of New Brunswick Crown Land Index HD 319 N4 A37 1988 BELL
Some manuscript wills and estate papers are scattered throughout private fonds and collections in the Mount Allison University Archives. No index for this format is currently available. Researchers must search through inventories. CHECK WITH THE ARCHIVES DIRECTLY.
County, New Brunswick, Probate
Burials and Probate of Nova Scotians,
CS 88 N64 M37 1990 BELL
Brunswick Probate Records,
CS 88 N43 H35 1989 BELL
Some compilations of cemetery inscriptions are included in private fonds, collections and church records. Researchers must search through inventories. CHECK WITH THE ARCHIVES DIRECTLY.
Cemetery Inscriptions, North Cumberland, N.S. FC 2345 C8 A23 No.3 BELL
Inscriptions, Westmorland County, N.B. FC 2495
W4 A9 1970 BELL
Cemetery Inscriptions, Westmorland
FC 2495 W4 A94 1988 BELL
Bibliography of Ship Passenger Lists, 1538-1825 Z 5313 U5 F54 1963 BELL
and Immigration Lists Bibliography,
Z 5313 U5 F54 1963 and 1981 BELL
Emigrants From England: 1773-1776 E 187.5 F69 1964 BELL
Emigrants From Scotland to America, 1774-1775 E 184 S3 E65 1980 BELL
Ancestors: a List of 2500 Immigrants
E 187.5 I6 1972 BELL
to New Brunswick: the Custom House FC
2455 P38 1987 BELL
Port of Derry Shiplist, 1847-1849 CS 68 B3 1985 BELL
Local newspapers often include birth, marriage and death notices as well as information on local businesses, clubs, etc. Most are unindexed. For complete Library holdings see SERIALS LIST and CANADIAN NEWSPAPERS ON MICROFORM.
Acadian Recorder, 1817-1880 MICRO 5659
and Westmorland and Cumberland
Chignecto Post and Borderer, 1869-1897 MICRO 5045
Sackville Post, 1896-1946 MICRO 5454
Sackville Tribune Post, 1902- MICRO 5227
Commercial and telephone directories may be used as a source to locate family members. Many published Directories are included in the Bell Collection. For complete Library holdings CHECK THE LIBRARY CATALOGUE. Researchers may be asked to use microfilm copies to protect fragile original volumes.
Gazetteer and Guide of the Maritime
McAlpine's Business Directory, 1877 MICRO 5552
Dominion Business Classified Directory, MICRO
Maritime Provinces Business Directory, MICRO
McAlpine's New Brunswick Directory, 1896-1903 MICRO 5542
Westmorland Albert Counties Directory, MICRO
Nova Scotia Directory, 1868-9,
Blacks Directory and Almanac for
Telephone Company Directories, MICRO
Archives of Canada
Archives of New Brunswick
of Nova Scotia
Island Archives and Records Office
of Canada Maritime Conference Archives
Association of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society
© 2004 Mount Allison University
October 10, 2007