DATES OF CREATION:
[1824?]-1958, predominant 1883-1954
3.5 m of textual records and other material
ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY/BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH:
Born in Stewiacke, Nova Scotia, in 1875, R.C. Archibald was the son of Abram Newcombe Archibald and Mary Mellish. He attended Mount Allison Academy, Sackville, New Brunswick, 1885-1889 and College 1889-1894 graduating with a BA degree (Hon. mathematics) and Teacher's Diploma (violin). He taught mathematics at the Mount Allison Ladies' College and completed an Artist's Diploma (violin) in 1895 before attending Harvard University from which he received BA and MA degrees in 1896 and 1897. He also attended the University of Berlin 1898-99 and received a PhD degree from the University of Strasbourg, 1900. From 1900-1907 he taught music, mathematics and served as librarian at the Mount Allison Ladies' College. During this time he assembled archival records related to Mount Allison including calendars, student publications, photographs and memorabilia. As the only child of Mary Mellish Archibald, second preceptress of the Ladies' College, the institution was his family. Dr. Archibald taught 1907-08 at Acadia University but his professional career as a mathematician was spent at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, where he served as professor from 1908-1955. Author of many academic articles on mathematics, history of mathematics, music and history he founded, built and catalogued the Mary Mellish Archibald Memorial Library (MMAML) Collection at Mount Allison between 1905 and 1955. He died 26 July 1955.
Mary Mellish born in Pownal, Prince Edward Island,
January 1849 graduated from the Mount Allison Ladies' Academy
in 1867 with an MLA. She taught mathematics and married Abram
Newcomb Archibald in 1874. He died in 1883 and Mrs. Archibald
returned to serve as preceptress and vice-principal of the Ladies'
College from 1885 until her death on 9 January 1901. She was
an active member of the Woman's Missionary Society and Women's
Christian Temperance Union, president and charter member of the
Alumnae Society of the Ladies' College, serving as alumnae representative
on the Board of Regents, 1895-1900.
For many years Dr. Archibald stored many of his records at Mount
Allison and continued to add to them each year when he returned
to campus. Many of these records were stored, in a
secured area, in the stacks of the Memorial Library.
SCOPE AND CONTENTS:
Fonds consists of records generated by Archibald in his activities as scholar, researcher, collector, historian of Mount Allison and by personal relationships with friends, family and fellow Allisonians. A large portion of the fonds relates to the Mount Allison Ladies' College. Files contain: correspondence with classmates, Class of 1894, of which he was Life President, and with academic colleagues; and records related to centenary of the Ladies' College. Scrapbooks contain correspondence, clippings, notices, posters, programs, memorabilia which document activities, students, faculty, buildings at Mount Allison, 1857-1935. Correspondence, guides, and one scrapbook, documents the building of the MMAML collection. Mary Mellish files contain letters to Mrs. Archibald from colleagues, testimonials, letters of recommendation, letters to her son and brother; speeches and poetry written by her, letters of sympathy to her son following her death. Photographs consist of images of family members, friends, Mount Allison buildings. Publications are mainly authored by R.C. Archibald, off-prints and monographs; bibliography available.
SOURCE OF TITLE:
Title based on contents of fonds
Some records are also held at Brown University in Providence R.|I.
Inventory available at repository
IMMEDIATE SOURCE OF ACQUISITION:
Donated by Raymond Clare Archibald between 1938 and 1955
LOCATION OF ORIGINALS:
Mount Allison University Archives
Raymond Clare Archibald
- Collector: the Legacy of a Scholar's Labour of Love /
Cheryl White Ennals in the "The Book Disease"; Atlantic Provinces
Book Collectors, edited by Eric L. Swanick, Halifax: Dalhousie
University School of Library and Information Studies, 1996
ALL OTHER NOTES:
Mount Allison University Archives
RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS, USE AND REPRODUCTION:
Open for research purposes. Copying and/or publication permitted only with written permission of the Mount Allison University Archives