SHARE PREVENTION STRATEGY (2016-2017)
With respect to sexual violence there are three levels of prevention employed at Mount Allison University based on when the prevention efforts occur:
Level 1: Primary (system level, to change culture and prevent incidents, includes events)
Level 2: Secondary (procedural, immediate response after incidents)
Level 3: Tertiary (long-term, remedial)
Primary prevention refers to approaches that take place before sexual violence has occurred to prevent initial perpetration.
Primary prevention is characterized as environmental and system-level strategies, policies, and actions that work to prevent sexual violence from initially occurring. Such prevention efforts work to modify and/or entirely eliminate the events, conditions, situations, or exposure to influences that result in the initiation of sexual violence. Mount Allison recognizes that sexual violence does not occur on solely an individual level; attitudes, myths, and stereotypes about gender, race, and other identities are proliferated at a societal level and often create unsafe environments where sexual violence is more likely to occur and where offenders are less likely to face consequences. Therefore, a community-based approach to preventing sexual violence is considered to be most effective in creating a safer campus for everybody.
Examples of primary prevention include:
- A new stand-alone Sexual Violence Prevention and Response Policy and accompanying procedures operating through the SHARE office;
- staff training (Student Affairs, Sexual Assault Response Team members, pub staff, Event Services, departmental trainings, etc.);
- training residence staff (RAs, Ads, Dons) and leaders (Academic Mentors, Exec);
- education sessions and activities during new student orientation;
- ongoing campaigns and educational opportunities (i.e. presentation, documentary screenings) during the academic year;
- ongoing passive education initiatives;
- ongoing active education initiatives;
- active bystander education and participation opportunities (ex. Walk Home);
- collaboration with various student groups and societies on campus;
- employment of a student SHARE Intern to help ccoordinate the Peer Education program
- communication points for all members of the Mount Allison community to share concerns about issues and safety through: 1) the President’s Advisory Committee on Women’s and Gender Issues; 2) Health and Safety Committees; and, 3) the Student Affairs Security Issues Committee (email@example.com); 4) SHARE Report and Referral Form online and in hard copy.
SHARE 2016-17 Planned Events and Partnerships
Awareness and Orientation Activities (students, new faculty)
Consent session for all students with SHARE and Venus Envy
Staff Trainings (Initial Contact, Support, Investigation)
Positive Space and Welcoming Activities (seminars, events, swag)
Pride March (Sept. 22) - MASU
Posters and campaigns related to consent, rape culture, role of the active bystander*
Meeting (panel?) with Wellness Centre professionals, RCMP, SANE, Crossroads, Sackville Hospital, Coalition Against Abuse in Relationships Outreach Worker, etc: coordinating a sexual assault response team in our community
Sponsor a Mountie and work with men’s and women’s teams to coordinate and relaunch Walk Home (safe walk and active bystander awareness) program
Sexual Assault Response certificate training (Oct. 6-8) – Fred’n Sexual Assault Centre
M’iq M’aq History Month - Indigenous Support Services
Marie Battiste (Oct 24) Indigenous Voice and Vision in the Academy – Leadership Mount A
Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Awareness Events: Indigenous Support Services
Darlene Copeland – speaker – M’iq M’aq Family Services –Indigenous Support Services
Missing women paper dolls activity –Indigenous Support Services
Film screening: The Highway of Tears –Indigenous Support Services, PACWGI
REDress Project: Decolonizing Gender www.theredressproject.org –Indigenous Support Services, PACWGI
Dean Spade, Speaker (Oct. 6) Transgender Politics (WGST Initiative, support from PACWGI, Student Affairs)
Jack Saddleback (Oct. 11) “There are no closets in tipis” (title to be confirmed) – Student Affairs, Meighen Centre, MASU
Sexual Violence Investigator Training (Oct. 11)
Love Shouldn’t Hurt campaign
Activity re: shifting dynamic in relationships: learn from indigenous ways of knowing? --Indigenous Support Services
Telling our Stories Writing Workshop? (Marilyn Lerch, Sackville Poet Laureate? )
Break Free (emotional abuse checklists in bathrooms)
Speaker on intimate partner violence (Gignoo House?)
Transgender Day of Remembrance (Nov 20th) -- Catalyst, Chaplain’s Office
14 Days of Action and Awareness Against Violence Against Women (lead up to Dec. 6)
- mitten tree (donate to indigenous community service = Gignoo House)
- smudging/healing ceremony (Doreen, JJ Bear)
- letter writing campaign
- “Polytechnique” film and discussion (offer to classes?)
- other (need 6 more in December for 14 days to December 6)
End of 14 Days of Action and Awareness – 5 activities - (goes to Dec 6)
December 6 Vigil and Memorial – Canadian Studies, WGST, PACWGI, Indigenous Support Services
Poem by Rebecca Thomas, M’iq M’aq poet laureate or Marilyn Lerch, Sackville Poet laureate or request from campus community?
Speaker = indigenous RCMP female officer
Cyber-Harassment and Cyber Misogyny – Sackville Community Program Officer?
Depictions of indigenous women and sexual violence in (social) media – Erin Steuter? Andrea Beverley?
Social Media: Impacting the Future? – Career Services?
Sexual Assault Awareness Month (use 2016 campaign from province, or get 2017 campaign in advance – awareness month usually in May but we will do it early) – FSAC?
The Vagina Monologues (Work with Marilyn Lerch? poet laureate? Other? on an indigenous dialogue; Proceeds to Gignoo House – NB Indigenous Women’s Shelter)
Healthy Relationships Activity: photos, post its, social media – “Valentines to Myself”
Sexual Assault Response Training for 2017/18 staff – FSAC?
International Womens Week (include intersectional experiences such as queer women and indigenous women)
Women in Leadership Conference (glass ceilings, workplace sexual harassment)
Workplace Sexual Harassment (job hunting and job starting tips)
My Strength is not for Hurting – reaching out to athletes
Sexual Assault Response Training for 2017/18 residence leaders, ESS, etc.
*All issue-related campaigns will have an associated “I do not know what to do” poster around campus (passive education) with “what to do…”
What Happened in the 2015-2016 academic year (some examples):
- REDress Project, speaker, paper dolls: to raise awareness about Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls in Canada
- Consent follow-up trainings in residences
- Healthy relationships (and boundary-setting) workshops in residences
- How to be single and happy on Valentine’s Day in residences
- What is Sexual Harassment? Sessions in residences
- Positive Space in residences
- Break the Silence (campaign against emotional abuse in relationships)
- December 6 Vigil and Memorial with testimonial on sexual assault
- Safer Campus, Brighter Future Campaign: Sue Montgomery “Been Raped, Never Reported”, self defense, etc.
- Take Back the Pub (informal self-defense, focus groups, trivia night)
- Walk Home Pilot Project
- Trainings for Student Life Staff, Residence Staff and Executive, Event Services Staff
- Poster Campaigns
- The Vagina Monologues; show, post-show discussions, writing workshops
- Positive Space Campaign: department presentations, posters, stickers
- Volunteer Opportunities for active involvement through SHARE Peer Education program
- SexPo; a week of events dedicated to sex-positivity and promoting healthy sexual relationships (speakers, panels, sex toy party with consent messages, BDSM info, etc)
- Collaboration for International Women’s Week Events with the President’s Advisory Council on Women’s and Gender Issues
Secondary Prevention refers to immediate responses after sexual violence has occurred to address the early identification of victims and the short-term consequences of sexual violence.
SHARE uses a trauma-informed response to supporting victims and survivors of sexual violence. A trauma-informed approach involves understanding, recognizing, and responding to the effects of the trauma caused by sexual violence. It recognizes the wide variety of ways that individuals may react to and behave after experiencing sexual violence. A trauma-informed approach also emphasizes physical, psychological and emotional safety for everyone involved, and helps survivors rebuild a sense of control and empowerment.? We need to be careful not to re-traumatize anyone during our procedures. Understanding the impact of trauma is an important first step in becoming a secure, compassionate and supportive community.
Examples of secondary prevention include:
- advertisement of and referral to primary response services such as police and local hospital;
- 24-hour University service phone line (call or text SHARE at (506) 540-7427)
- easy-to-remember email firstname.lastname@example.org;
- full range of services under Student Affairs including the SHARE Advisor, Nurse Educator, emergency contraception availability, liaison with Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner in Moncton, counseling;
- Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) involving nurse, counsellors, security, residence life manager (for residence students) and others as required to meet SHARE client needs (Academic Support, Meighen Centre, Chaplin, etc)
- community resources including collaboration with RCMP, hospitals, local outreach worker from Coalition Against Abuse in Relationships, Beausejour Crisis Centre, PFLAG, AIDS Moncton, Salvus Clinic, Fredericton Sexual Assault Centre, etc.;
Tertiary prevention refers to long-term responses after sexual violence has occurred to address the lasting consequences of violence, including treatment and interventions. Maintaining a trauma-informed approach, SHARE understands that not everybody heals at the same rate or in the same way after sexual violence and seeks to support and empower individuals depending on their needs.
Examples of tertiary prevention include:
- counselling on campus;
- referral to off-campus counselling;
- support groups run by SHARE and/or Mount Allison counselling services;
- Sexual Violence Prevention and Response procedures and outcomes that include solutions such as no-contact orders, bans, academic accommodations, education of the perpetrator, etc.;
- Volunteer opportunities such as residence house representatives, peer educators and more for those who wish to help with prevention on behalf of other students and/or for students whose recovery includes having the opportunity to advocate on behalf of victims of sexual violence;