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Retrieval Number: 7001/122
Chignecto Peninsula [Beaubassin], 1686 [photocopy of map].
Mount Allison University Archives, Parks Canada Webster Manuscript Collection.
May be reproduced only with permission of Parks Canada through the Mount Allison University Archives.

European interest and mapping of the Chignecto region gathered momentum in the later decades of the 17th century and led to the beginning of European settlement. In 1671 Jacques Bourgeois with two sons, three sons-in-law and their families arrived on the Chignecto Isthmus from Port Royal and established the settlement of Beaubassin east of the Missaguash River, on the edge of the Fort Lawrence ridge. Four years later, Michel Le Neuf de La Vallèlire was granted rights to the "Beaubassin Seigneury” and established his settlement west of the Missaguash River on a small raised area in the marsh known later as Tonge's Island. By 1686, a colony of 127 people had extended settlement onto the Tantramar marshlands, a church had been built beside the Tantramar River, cattle, sheep and pigs were being grazed and land was cultivated.

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Acadian Settlement - Next Document

Growth was slowed by the departure of La Vallière and his settlers in the early 1694s. Then Beaubassin was attacked twice (1696 and 1704) by British forces in retaliation for Indian raids in New England. Despite these setbacks and a general crop failure in 1699, the Acadian population developed their trading relations with New England and tried to avoid aligning themselves with either the French or British interests in the region.

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