RESEARCH AND CREATIVE ACTIVITY “ I first worked in the trenches, then I studied the theory behind it. Then it was back out there to try and work out strategies for changes in policy make minimal upgrades to their facilities, yet most of their existing technology is not the correct mix for burning tires. This of course leads to people in the area fighting it,” explains Levesque. Many companies provide as little information as possible to avoid waving a red flag. “This is to their detriment. If they were up front with facts and issues and addressed these concerns, there would be less resistance from citizens and government decision makers would be satisfied,” Levesque says. “They are worrying about their shareholders — not the people in the community who will pay the price for the pollution. ” Businesses have to adjust their thinking and realize what is good for the local communities is good for them.” Levesque points out that governments want to approve these facilities because of the economic benefits, but at the same time are reluctant to approve something that may cause adverse health effects or environmental damage. When it comes to the treatment of information, governments and citizens are not much better. “It is fascinating to see that no one is sure how to access and use information let alone what to make of it and how to handle it when they get it.” Levesque has an interesting approach to bringing home lessons about how to deal with groups with competing interests and seemingly incompatible goals. This year for his students’ final exam he broke them into groups, representing each province and the federal government, to negotiate energy policy and health care. The exercise underscored, as Levesque puts it, “the need for students to understand how ‘book knowledge’ and ‘real-life practice’ interact to reveal opportunities and challenges for changing public policy.” / 11